Detergent Use Practices in Nepal: A Cross-Sectional Online Survey
Current Journal of Applied Science and Technology,
Every year the use of detergent is increasing and safety concerns about detergent are also increasing. However, in developing countries safety concerns about detergent is still a neglected topic. Therefore, the purpose of this study is to evaluate the knowledge, attitude, and practices (KAP) of the general public towards the use of detergent. An online-based cross-sectional study was performed via sharing self-developed online KAP questionnaires and filled out by participants. The basic knowledge about detergent, its safety concern, and other related questions were used for the KAP assessments. A total of 510 participants took part in this study. The participants had mixed responses to the questions such as;  the majority were using powder detergent (87.45%);  perceptions about detergent (an agent for cleansing clothes (48.04%), a chemical agent (39.02%));  the purpose of using detergent (to remove dirt (48.04%), for easiness of cleaning (45.1%));  the cost of detergent (affordable (80%), expensive (10.98%));  the selection of detergent (based on previous satisfaction (60.98%), brand name (19.02%));  cause of not using particular brand detergent next time is (poor quality (75.1%), expensive (18.04%));  mostly used brands (Wheel (35.69%), Ghadi (16.08%) and Patanjali (7.06%));  safety concerns (only 8.82% used gloves during using detergent and only 50% realized the detergent can harm their skin, 67.84% have awareness that the detergent contaminates the environment, 10% experienced dryness of skin, 0.98% redness/allergy));  77.06% don’t have a washing machine;  soaking practice (21.37% start washing immediately after the addition of detergent, only 32.16% soak clothes for 20 to 60 minutes));  waste water management (80.4% throw the detergent waste water to the normal sewage, 19.6% throw separately);  37.45% always use soap along with powder detergent while washing clothes;  detergent stability problem (absorb moisture and get wet easily (64.31%) color change (16.08%) and dryness (10.78%));  28.63% prefer colorful detergent and 42.94% observed the color transfer from detergent to clothes; only 37.45% have experience of using herbal detergent;  laundry detergent also used for other purposes (wash dishes (19.61%), to wash hands (5.49%) and even body washing (1.76%));  19.61% of the participants’ mothers wash their clothes;  the majority of the participants realized the dirtiness of country people is due to poverty (58.04%). This study shows moderate awareness regarding the KAP of detergent use, management, and toxicity. Therefore, it can be derived that continuous education is needed about detergent.
- cleansing agents
- online survey.
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