Comparison of Straw Chopper cum Incorporator with Existing Paddy Residue Management Technologies in Combine Harvested Paddy Field at North Western Region of India
Current Journal of Applied Science and Technology,
Burning of paddy residue is major problem which leads to adverse affect on our environment. Management of crop residues in conservation agriculture is vital for long-term sustainability of Indian agriculture. The straw chopper cum incorporator machine consists of chopping unit, incorporation unit, adjustable frame, pulleys and belts. The power is transmitted to the chopping unit and incorporation unit by tractor (55.95 kW) PTO with the help of gear box, belt, pulley and gear arrangement. The fuel consumption, field capacity and field efficiency of residue management machine were observed 12.5-14.0 l/h, 0.43-0.64 ha/h and 60.46% respectively. Cost economics of straw chopper cum incorporator machine was compared with existing technologies adopted by farmers i.e. straw chopper + 2 rotavator practice and 6 harrowing + rotavator + planker practice. The cost of operation of straw chopper cum incorporator machine was observed 4272.8 Rs.ha-1 lower than existing technologies. The break even point (BEP), pay back period and benefit cost (B:C) ratio of the Straw chopper cum incorporator machine were 45ha, 0.7 years and 1.17 respectively. Therefore, it is concluded that the Straw chopper cum incorporator machine can be recommended to the farmers for paddy residue management of combine harvested paddy field.
- Straw chopper cum incorporator
- paddy residue
- cutting and conservation agriculture.
How to Cite
Ramulu Ch, Pateriya RN, Deepshika A. Machinery for residue management of different crops: A review.Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry. 2018;7(6):2203-2207.
Garg IK. Design and development of rice straw Chopper-cum-Spreader. Journal of Research. 2004;41(1):130-138.
Hiloidhari M, Das D, Baruah DC. Bioenergy potential from crop residue biomass in India. Renew. Sustain. Energy. Rev. 2014;32:504–512.
Honglei J, Lichun W, Chunsheng L, Hongjie T, Chenglin M. Combined stalk–stubble breaking and mulching machine. Soil & Tillage Research. 2010;107:42-48.
Indian standard: Guidelines for estimating cost of farm machinery operation, IS: 9164-1979.
Kanokkanjana K, Garivait S. Alternative rice straw management practices to reduce field Open burning in Thailand. International Journal of Environmental Science and Development. 2013; 4(2):119-123.
Roy P, Kaur M. Status and problems of paddy straw management in West Bengal. Int'l Journal of Advances in Agricultural & Environmental Engg. 2015;2(1):44-48.
Sidhu HS, Singh M, Singh Y, Blackwell J, Singh V, Gupta N. Machinery Development for Crop Residue Management under Direct drilling; 2015.
Singh. Tillage and residue management practices in rice– wheat system in Indo-Gangetic Plains – a diagnostic survey. Technical Report, National Agricultural Technology Project. Indian Council of Agricultural Research, New Delhi and Punjab Agricultural University, Ludhiana, India; 2002.
Verma A, Singh A, Sidhu GS, Dixit A. Performance evaluation of tractor operated paddy straw Mulcher. J KrishiVigyan. 2016:4(2):70-75.
Wei T, Zhang P, Wang K, Ding R, Yang B, Nie J. Effects of wheat straw incorporation on the availability of soil nutrients and enzyme activities in Semiarid Areas. PLoS ONE. 2015;10(4):1-15.
Abstract View: 872 times
PDF Download: 319 times