Seaweed: A Novel Organic Biomaterial
Current Journal of Applied Science and Technology,
The seaweeds are macroscopic living resources having significant amount of growth regulators, macronutrients as well as micronutrients which are essential for the growth of crop plants. The fertilizers that are derived from seaweeds are known as new generation fertilizers or modern fertilizers which are devoid of harmful effects of chemicals. Seaweeds contains considerable amount of nutrients which are easily absorbed by plants hence beneficial for the positive growth of crop plants. In the present situation seaweeds are found to be more suitable to crop plants to increase growth parameters as compared to chemical fertilizers. The positive effects of seaweed have been observed in many crops like Cajanus cajan, Abelmoschus esculentus, Arachis hypogea, Cyamopsis tetragonoloba, Lablab purpureus, Cicer arietinum etc. This review helps in encouraging the students and research scholars towards the uses of different seaweeds on growth and development of many crop plants.
- crop plant
How to Cite
Chapman VJ, Chapman DJ. Seaweeds and their uses, Chapman and Hall, London. 1980;334.
Gupta S, Abu-Ghannam N. Bioactive potential and possible health effects of edible brown seaweeds. Trends. Food Sci. Tech- nol. 2011;22:315-326.
Joseph T, Baker OBE. Seaweeds in pharmaceutical studies and applications. Hydrobiologia. 1984;29- 40.
Kumar S, Godiy CB, Siddhanta AK. Carrageenan from Sar-conema scinaioides (Gigartinales, Rhodophyta) of Indian waters. Carbohydr. Polym. 2012;87:1657-1662.
Tarakhovskaya ER, Maslov YI, Shishova MF. Phytohor-mones in Algae. Russ. J. Plant Physiol. 2007;54:163-170.
Erulan VSP, Thirumaran G, Ananthan G. Studies on the effect of Sargassum polycystum extract on the growth and biochemical composition of Cajanus cajan L. J. Agri. Environ. Sci. 2009;6:392-399.
Zhang X, Wang K, Ervin E.H. Optimizing dosages of seaweed extract-based cytokinins and zeatin riboside for improving creeping bentgrass heat tolerance. Crop Sci. 2010;50:316-320.
Eyras MC, Rostagno CM, Defosse GE. Biological evaluation of seaweed composting. Comp Sci Util. 1998;6:74–81.
Moore KK. Using seaweed compost to grow bedding plants. BioCycle. 2004; 45:43–44.
Khan W, Ravishankar P, Alan TC, Donald LS, Yousef P, Balakrishan P. Ascophyllum nodosum extract and its organic fractions stimulate rhizobium root nodulation and growth of Medicago sativa (Alfalfa). Communications in Soil Science and Plant Analysis. 2013,;44( 5):900–908.
Dhargalkar VK, Untawale AG. Indian J. Mar. Sci. 1983;12:210-214.
Ramya SS, Vijayanand N, Rathinavel S. Influence of seaweed liquid fertilizers on growth, biochemical and yield Parameters of Cluster Bean Plant. 2012;1(1):19–32.
Jeanin I, Lescure JC, Morot Gaudy JF. The effects of aqueous seaweed sprays on the growth of maize. Botanica Marina. 1991; 34:469-473.
Immanuel R, Subramaniam SK. Effect of fresh extracts and seaweed liquid fertilizer on some cereals and millets. Seaweed Res. Utiln. 1999;21:91–94.
Xavier G, Anthony S, Jesudass LL. Effect of seaweed extract on cluster bean. Seaweed Res. Utiln. 2007;29:85-87.
Kamaladhasan N, Subramanian SK. Influence of seaweed liquid fertilizers on legume crop. Red gram. Journal of Basic and Applied Biology. 2009;21-24.
Pise NM, Sabale AB. Effect of seaweed concentrates on the growth and biochemical constituents of Trigonella Foenum- Graecum L. Journal of Phytology. 2010;2:50- 56.
Ishii T, Aikawa J, Kirino S, Kitabayashi H, Matsumoto I, Kadoya K. Effects of alginate oligosaccharide and polyamines on hyphal growth of vesicular-arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi and their infectivity of citrus roots. In: Proceedings of the 9th International Society of Citriculture Congress, Orlando, FL, 3–7 December. 2000;1030–1032.
Kuwada K, Utamura M, Matsushita I, Ishii T. Effect of tangle stock ground extracts on in vitro hyphal growth of vesicular arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi and their in vivo infections of citrus roots. In: Proceedings of the 9th International Society of Citriculture Congress, Orlando. 2000;1034–1037.
Rayorath P, Narayanan JM, Farid A, Khan W, Palanisamy R, Hankins S, Critchley AT, Prithiviraj B. Rapid bioassays to evaluate the plant growth promoting activity of Ascophyllum nodosum (L.) Le Jol. Using a model plant, Arabidopsis thaliana (L.) Heynh. J Appl Phycol. 2008; 20:423-429.
Rioux LE, Turgeon SL, Beaulieu M. Characterization of polysaccharides extracted from brown seaweeds. Carbohydrate Polym. 2007;69:530–537.
Sathya B, Indu H, Seenivasan R, Geetha S. Influence of seaweed liquid fertilizer on the growth and biochemical composition of legume crop, Cajanus Cajan (L). Mill Sp. Journal of Phytology. 2011;2(5):50–63.
Balamurugan G, Sasikumar K. Effect of seaweed liquid fertilizer of Sargassum myryocystem of Abelmoschus esculentus L. International Journal of Current Research and Development. 2013;1:33-37.
Brahmachari K, Ghosh A. Effect of seaweed saps on growth and yield improvement of green gram. African Journal of Agricultural; 2013.
Abou El-Yazied A, El-Gizawy AM, Ragab MI, Hamed ES. Effect of seaweed extract and compost treatments on growth, yield and quality of snap bean. Journal of American Science. 2012;8.
Basher A, Alalwani N, Mohammed A, Jebor Teeb A, Hussai I. Effect of seaweed and drainage water on germination and seedling growth of tomato (Lycopersicon spp.). Euphrates Journal of Agriculture Science. 2012;4:24-39.
Rama Rao K. Effect of seaweed liquid fertilizer on the yield of Zizyphus rugosa (Bores). International Symposium on Marine Algae. Indian Ocean eg., India, Abstarcts. 1979;27.
Sridhar S, Rengasamy R. Influence of seaweed liquid fertilizer on growth and biochemical characteristics of Arachis hypogea L. under field trial. Journal of Ecobiotechnology. 2011;3:18-22.
M Lakshmi S, Sundaramoorthy P. Response of vigna unguiculata on liquid seaweed fertilizer. International Journal of Current Research. 2010;2:039-042.
Shah H, Iftikhar M. Growth, yield and quality response of three wheat (Triticum Aestivum L.) Varieties to Different Levels of N, P and K. 2011;1:2–5.
Anandharaj M, Venkatesalu V. Effects of seaweed liquid fertilizer on Vigna catajung. Seaweed Research and Utilization. 2001; 23(1&2):33–39.
Sangeetha V, Thevanathan R. Biofertilizer potential of traditional and panchagavya amended with seaweed extract marsland press. The Journal of American Science. 2010;6:61-67.
Bai NR, Christi RM, Kala TC. Effect of seaweed concentrate of Padina pavonia on the growth and yield of a pulse crop. Plant Archives. 2011;11:117-120.
Kalaivanan C, Venkatesalu V. Utilization of seaweed Sargassum myriocystum extracts as a stimulant of seedlings of Vigna mungo (L.). Hepper Spanish Journal of Agricultural Science. 2012;10.
Akila N, Jeyadoss T. The potential of seaweed liquid fertilizer on the growth and antioxidant enhancement of Helianthus annuus L. Journal of Chemistry. 2010; 26:1353-1360.
Sridhar S, Rengasamy R. The effects of seaweed liquid fertilizer of Ulva lactuca on Capsicum annum Algological Studies. 2012;38:75–88.
Lane CE, Mayes C, Druehl LD, Saunders GW. A multi-gene molecular investigation of the kelp (Laminariales, Phaeophyceae) supports substantial taxonomic re-organization. J Phycol. 2006;42:493–512.
Sasikumar K, Govindan T, Anuradha C. Effect of seaweed liquid fertilizer of Dictyota dichotoma on growth and yield of Abelmoschus esculantus L. European Journal of Experimental Biology. 2011;1: 223-227.
Safinaz AF, Ragaa AH. Effect of some red marine algae as biofertilizers on growth of maize (Zea mayz L.) plants. International Food Research Journal. 2013;20:1629-1632.
Thirumaran TG, Arumugam M, Arumugam R, Anantharaman P. Effect of seaweed liquid fertilizer on growth and pigment concentration of Cyamopsis tetrogonolaba. American-Eurasian Journal of Agronomy. 2009;2:50-56.
Ashok V, Vijayanand N, Rathinavel S. Bio-fertilizing efficiency of seaweed liquid extract of Hydroclathrus clathratus on Sorghum vulgare. Seaweed Res. Utiln. 2004;26:181-186.
Thirumaran G, Arumugam M, Arumugam R, Anantharaman P. Effect of seaweed liquid fertilizer on growth and pigment concentration of Abelmoschus esculentus (l) medikus. American- Eurasian Journal of Agronomy. 2009;2:57-66.
Zahid BP. Preparation of organic fertilizer from seaweed and its effect on the growth of some vegetables and ornamental plants. Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences. 1999;1274-1279.
El-Sheekh MM, el-Saied A el-D. Effect of seaweed extracts on seed germination, seedling growth and some metabolic processes of Faba beans (Vicia faba L) Cytobios. 1999;101:23-35.
Featonby Smith BC, Van -Staden J. The effect of seaweed concentrate and fertilizer on the growth of Beta vulgaris. Z. Pflanzenphysiol. Bd. 1983;112:155-162.
Hansra BS. Transfer of agricultural technology on irrigated agriculture. Fertilizer News.1993;38(4):31-33.
Oyoo J, Nyongesa M, Mbiyu M, Lungho C. Organic farming: Effect of kelpak and earthlee on the yield of irish potatoes. Scientific Conference Proceedings; 2010.
Renuka Bai N, Mary Christi R, Christy Kala T. Growth and yield characteristics of dolichos biflorus linn. as influenced by seaweed liquid fertilizer. Plant Archives. 2013;13:163-166.
Abstract View: 983 times
PDF Download: 353 times