Constraints Perceived by Employed Women of Government Sectors in Their Empowerment

Main Article Content

Priyanka .
A. S. Tigga
Shridhar Patil
Dhananjay Kumar


The main objective of this study is to trace out the constraints perceived by married women employed in government sector. The employed women face various challenges at workplace and at home as well. They deal with home and family issues as well as job stress daily. In this study, a sample of 100 employed married women was selected randomly from Sabour block of Bhagalpur district in Bihar – India, and data were collected using face to face interview.

It was found that major constraints perceived by employed women lack the facility of playschool/crèche, frequent job transfers, inability to pay attention to health and spend time on fitness, non-availability of conveyance in case of any emergency, role conflict and inability to give time for household activities, inability to spend time with family members, feeling of gender bias and under-utilization as compare to their male counterparts at workplace. Finding shows that being employed, women still face problems. For curbing their problems attitudes of the employers, policy makers, family members and relatives and the public at large needs to be changed. The study also suggests policy makers to implement the policy of reducing working hours for the employed women, providing day care/crèche facilities for employed mothers so that they can spend time with their children, elders and take care of their health.

Employed women, crèche, empowerment, constraints.

Article Details

How to Cite
., P., Tigga, A. S., Patil, S., & Kumar, D. (2020). Constraints Perceived by Employed Women of Government Sectors in Their Empowerment. Current Journal of Applied Science and Technology, 39(1), 107-111.
Original Research Article


Zafiris T. Women and labor market changes in the global economy: Growth helps, inequalities hurt and public policy matters. SP Discussion Paper N0. 9808. The World Bank Report; 2005.

Dashora KB. Problems faced by working women in India. International Journal of Advanced Research in Management and Social Sciences. 2013;2(8):82-94.

Kumar PA, Sundar K. Problems face by women executives working in public sector banks in Puducherry. International Journal of Marketing, Financial Services and Management Research. 2012;1(7):180–193.

Sevim SA. Religious tendency and gender roles: Predictors of the attitudes toward women’s work roles. International Journal of Social Behaviour and Personality. 2006; 34:77-86.
DOI: 10.2224/sbp.2006.34.1.77

Biçaksiz P. The effects of gender role ideology, role salience, role demands and core self-evaluations on work-family interface. Msc. Thesis. Middle East Technical University; 2009.

Delina G, Raya RP. A study on work-life balance in working women. International Journal of Commerce, Business and Management. 2013;2(5):274-282.

Qureshi R. Problems of working women in Faisalabad. International Journal of Agriculture and Biology. 2000;2(4):338-339.

Zhu H, Khan G, Ilyas M. Challenges and risks faced by the working women in Government organizations: An insight from Asian Countries. African Journal of Business Management. 2012;6(45): 11368-11374.

Nawaz MA, Afzal N, Shehzadi K. Problems of formally employed women: A case study of Bahawalnagar, Pakistan. Asian Journal of Empirical Research. 2013;3(10):1291-1299.

Sultana AM. Constraints faced by working and non working women in their families. Australian Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences. 2013;7(6):719-722.