Management of Postharvest Diseases of Vegetables in a Tropical and Sub-tropical Environment of the Kingdom of Eswatini

Main Article Content

Diana M. Earnshaw
Michael T. Masarirambi
Bonginkhosi E. Dlamini
Kwanele A. Nxumalo

Abstract

Vegetables are important in human diets as a side dish eaten either cooked or raw as in salads. They are important for their nutritional contribution as major sources of minerals, vitamins, nine essential amino acids, beneficial phytochemicals, fibre and interesting colour from an aesthetic point of view. Despite the immerse health benefits offered by vegetables there are challenges encountered in their post-harvest handling and storage up to consumption. Challenges include post-harvest losses due to diseases. Some losses occur even at household level when vegetables are not stored appropriately when stored under the sink where humidity can be high leading to an environment which promotes diseases. Diseases in the post-harvest chain are caused by bacteria and opportunistic pathogenic fungi. Post-harvest losses of vegetables are not only a threat to nutritional security but a threat to food security as well. The aim of this research study was to document major post-harvest diseases of vegetables found in the Kingdom of Eswatini and to suggest appropriate management strategies or ways of alleviating them.

Keywords:
Vegetables, health benefits, post-harvest diseases, losses, management, Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs).

Article Details

How to Cite
M. Earnshaw, D., Masarirambi, M. T., E. Dlamini, B., & A. Nxumalo, K. (2020). Management of Postharvest Diseases of Vegetables in a Tropical and Sub-tropical Environment of the Kingdom of Eswatini. Current Journal of Applied Science and Technology, 38(6), 1-13. https://doi.org/10.9734/cjast/2019/v38i630465
Section
Review Article

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