Consumption Pattern and Health Implications of Convenience Foods: A Practical Review

Main Article Content

Bhavya Dhir
Neerja Singla

Abstract

Background: The present study was aimed to review the consumption pattern and health implications of convenience foods in regular life. The term 'Convenience food' is being widely used in the catering industry due to rapid progress in food technology. Consumption of convenience foods is inexorable in modern scenarios due to rapid urbanization, changing lifestyle, rising purchasing power and adaptation to western culture.

Methods: A constructive review work was done from available data sources and available literatures.

Results: The Indian ‘Ready-to-Eat (RTE)’ market reached at Rs 2900 crore and Rs 3500 crore in 2015 and 2016 respectively. RTE foods are growing at 40% per year. According to the World Health Organization, the trend towards surplus convenience foods provides the food  industry with various commercial opportunities and profitable outcome for the food manufacturers. However, these foods are regarded as one of the least healthy dietary options, contributing to the health and diet-related diseases comparable to the risks associated with smoking, alcohol and drugs.

Conclusion: Excessive consumption of convenience foods is one of the major factors for the higher incidence of obesity and other non-communicable diseases.

Keywords:
Convenience foods, diseases, health, obesity, ready-to-eat, urbanization.

Article Details

How to Cite
Dhir, B., & Singla, N. (2020). Consumption Pattern and Health Implications of Convenience Foods: A Practical Review. Current Journal of Applied Science and Technology, 38(6), 1-9. https://doi.org/10.9734/cjast/2019/v38i630455
Section
Review Article

References

Jayakrishnan A, Kumar GV. Factors influencing the rural consumers for packed food items: A study with special reference to Tiruvellore district, Tamil Nadu. Int J Adv Scient Res Develop. 2015;2:169-75.

Vijayabaskar M, Sundaram N. A market study on key determinants of Ready-to-Eat/Cook products with respect to tier-I cities in Southern India. Int J Multidiscipl Res. 2012;2:168-180.

Tech Sci Research Report 2015. India Ready-to-Cook food market forecast and opportunities; 2019.
Available:https://www.techsciresearch.com/ report/india-ready-to-cook-food-
market-forecast-and-opportunities-2019/389.html.

Research Nester 2019. Ready to Eat food market: Global demand, growth analysis and opportunity outlook; 2023.
Available:https://www.researchnester.com/ reports/ready-to-eat-food-market-global-demand-growth-analysis-opportunity-outlook-2023/200.

Brunner TA, Van der Horst K, Siegrist M. Convenience food products. Drivers for consumption. Appetite. 2010;55:498-506.

Vlachos S, Georgantzis N. Consumer behaviour towards organic Ready-to-Eat meals: A case of quality innovation. Int J Food Beverage Manufact Buss Models. 2016;1:12-27.

Gupta R, Singh R. Working women's attitudes towards convenience food products: An empirical investigation. Pac Buss Rev Int. 2016;1:21-30.

Bipasha MS, Goon S. Fast food preferences and food habits among students of private universities in Bangladesh. South East Asia J Public Health. 2013;3:61-64.

Celnik D, Gillespie L, Lean MEJ. Time-scarcity, ready-meals, ill-health and the obesity epidemic. Trends Food Sci Tech. 2012;27:4-11.

Ashakiran S, Kiran D. Fast foods and their impact on health. J Krishna Inst Med Sci Univ. 2012;1:7-15.

Costa CS, Rauber F, Leffa PS, Sangalli CN, Campagnolo PDB, Vitolo MR. Ultra-processed food consumption and its effects on anthropometric and glucose profile: A longitudinal study during childhood. Nut Metab Cardiovas Dis. 2019; 29:177-84.

Moubarac JC, Batal M, Martins AP, Claro R, Levy RB, Cannon G, Monteiro C. Processed and ultra-processed food products: consumption trends in Canada from 1938 to 2011. Can J Diet Prac Res. 2014;75:15-21.

Monteiro CA, Levy RB, Claro RM, Castro IRR. Increasing consumption of ultra-processed foods and likely impact on human health: Evidence from Brazil. Pub Health Nutr. 2010;14:5-13.

Marron-Ponce J, Tolentino-Mayo L, Hernández FM, Batis C. Trends in ultra-processed food purchases from 1984 to 2016 in Mexican households. Nutrients. 2019;11:45-60.

Slimani N, Deharveng G, Bingham S. Contribution of highly industrially processed foods to the nutrient intakes and patterns of middle-aged populations in the European Prospective Investigation into cancer and nutrition study. Eur J Clin Nutr. 2009;63:206–25.

Baker P, Friel S. Food systems transformations, ultra-processed food markets and the nutrition transition in Asia. Globalization Health. 2016;12:80-95.

Hwang Y, Choe Y. The consumption pattern of convenience food: A comparison of different income levels in South Korea. Proc Agricultural and Applied Economics Association Annual Meeting. Boston, Massachusetts. 2016;13.

Moubarac JC, Martins APR, Claro RM, Levy RB. Consumption of ultra-processed foods and likely impact on human health: Evidence from Canada. Pub Health Nutr. 2013;16:2240-48.

Rauber F, da Costa Louzada ML, Steele EM, Millett C, Monteiro CA, Levy RB. Ultra-Processed food consumption and chronic non-communicable diseases-related dietary nutrient Profile in the UK (2008–2014). Nutrients. 2018;10:587-99.

Wales ME. Understanding the role of convenience in consumer food choices: A review article. SURG Journal. 2009;2:40-48.

Buckley M, Cowan C, McCarthy M. The convenience food market in Great Britain: Convenience food lifestyle (CFL) segments. J Appetite.2007;49:600-17.

Bava CM, Jaegerb SR, Park J. Constraints upon food provisioning practices in ‘busy’ women’s lives: Trade-offs which demand convenience. Appetite. 2008;50:486–98.

Malhotra G, Malhotra A. An empirical investigation of consumer's preference in RTE Market. The Buss Mgmt Rev. 2014;5: 1-14.

Bhatt S, Bhatt A. Consumer behavior towards packaged food in rural areas: An empirical study in Ahmedabad district, Gujarat. IUP Mktg Mgmt. 2015;1:7-20.

Srinivasan S, Shende KM. A study on the benefits of convenience foods to working women. Atithya J Hosp. 2015;1:56-63.

Gupta R, Jaiswal A, Chandak R. Consumers’ preference of package attributes and willingness to buy Ready-to-Eat food. Envision: Int J Commer Mgmtt. 2013;7:28-36.

Kaur A, Malik G, Sharma N, Mittal R. The new Indian middle-class consumption preference towards convenience foods – A grounded theory approach. Pac Buss Rev Int. 2016;1:31-38.

Horning ML, Fulkerson JA, Friend SE, Story M. Reasons parents buy prepackaged, processed meals: It is more complicated than “I don’t have time”. J Nutr Edu Behav. 2017;49:60-66.

Raimundo LMB. Convenience food usage: a conceptual model proposal. Ph.D. dissertation. Federal University of Saint Charles, Brazil; 2017.

Contini C, Boncinelli F, Gerini F, Scozzafava G, Casini L. Investigating the role of personal and context-related factors in convenience foods consumption. Appetite. 2018;126:26-35.

Park JY, Kim JN, Hong WS, Shin WS. Survey on present use and future demand for the convenience food in the elderly group. Korean J Comm Nut. 2012;17:81-90.

Kowsalya S, Sathyapriya K. A study on patron procuring attitude towards RTE (ready to eat) foods with reference to Guore city. Int J Adv Res and Innovative Ideas in Edu. 2016;2:60-65.

Kaur I, Singh S. Consumer behavior of purchase of processed cereal food products in Punjab. J Bus Mgmt. 2014;16: 47-57.

Kumar M, Kaur P. Consumer preferences and awareness towards Ready to Eat products of cooperatives - A case of markfed. Int J Mgmt Res Rev. 2016;8:59 72.

Mhurchu CN, Capelin C, Dunford EK, Webster JL, Neal BC, Jebb SA. Sodium content of processed foods in the United Kingdom: Analysis of 44,000 foods purchased by 21,000 households. Am J Clin Nutr. 2011;93:594-600.

Ali A, Margetts B, Roderick P, Moubarac JC. Consumption of ultra-processed foods: Evidence from Malaysia. Annals of Nutrition and Metabolism. 2013;1:965-66.

Banerjee S, Joglekar A, Kundle S. Consumer awareness about convenience food among working and non-working women. Int J Sci Res. 2013;2:1-4.

Kundle S, Joglekar A, Banerjee S. Comparative analysis about consumer rights regarding convenience food among working and non-working women. Food Sci Res J. 2014;5:130-34.

Poti JM, Mendez MA, Ng SW, Popkin BM. Is the degree of food processing and convenience linked with the nutritional quality of foods purchased by US households? Am J Clin Nutr. 2015;101: 1251–62.

Singh A, Gupta V, Ghosh A, Karen L, Jerath S. Quantitative estimates of dietary intake with special emphasis on snacking pattern and nutritional status of free-living adults in urban slums of Delhi: Impact of nutrition transition. BMC Nutrition. 2015;1: 22-33.

Alkerwi A, Crichton GE, Hébert JR. Consumption of ready-made meals and increased risk of obesity: findings from the observation of cardiovascular risk factors in Luxembourg(ORISCAV-LUX) study. Br J Nutr. 2015;113:270–77.

Martins CA, De Sousa AA, Veiros MB, Chica DAG, Proenca RP. Sodium content and labelling of processed and ultra-processed food products marketed in Brazil. Pub Health Nutr. 2015;18:1206-214.

Rauber F, Campagnolo P, Hoffman DJ, Vitolo MR. Consumption of ultra-processed food products and its effects on children’s lipid profiles: A longitudinal study. Nutr Metab & Cardio Diseases. 2015;25:116 122.

Malhan 1D, Dalal S, Khatri P. Fast food: rising demand, pros and cons. Int J Res Fin Mkt. 2016;6:140-45.

Mendonça RD, Pimenta AM, Gea A, De la Fuente-Arrillaga C, Martinez-Gonzalez MA, Lopes AC, Bes-Rastrollo M. Ultra-processed food consumption and risk of overweight and obesity: The University of Navarra follow-up (SUN) cohort study. The Amer J Clin Nutr. 2016;104:1433-40.

Shetty J, Sudha RK, Regina K, Afreen M, Karunanithy A, BVS. A study of relationship between type of food and anthropometric parameters in students of Rak medical and health sciences university. J Evol Res Med Biochem. 2016; 2:4-7.

Banica F, Tit DM, Simona B, Suciu RN, Stoicescu M, Uivarosan D, Endres L. Fast-food eating habits correlated with the lipid profile characteristics at teenagers. Analele universitatii din oradea, fascicula: ecotoxicologie, zootehnie si tehnologii de industrie alimntara. 2016;15:149- 54.

Huh IS, Kim H, Jo HK, Lim CS, Kim JS, Kim SJ, Kwon O, Oh B, Chang N. Instant noodle consumption is associated with cardiometabolic risk factors among college students in Seoul. Nut Res Practice. 2017; 3:232-39.

Moubarac JC, Batal M, Louzada ML, Steele EM, Monteiro CA. Consumption of ultra-processed foods predicts diet quality in Canada. Appetite. 2017;108:512-20.

Fiolet T, Srour B, Sellem L, Kesse-Guyot E, Alles B, Méjean C, Deschasaux M, Fassier P, Latino-Martel P, Beslay M, Hercberg S. Consumption of ultra-processed foods and cancer risk: Results from Nutri Net-Santé prospective cohort. Br Med J. 2018;360:322-33.

Louzada ML, Martins APB, Canella DS, Baraldi LG, Levy RB, Claro RM, Moubarac JC, Cannon G, Monteiro CA. Ultra-processed foods and the nutritional dietary profile in Brazil. Revista de Saude Publica. 2015;49:38-49.

Nardocci M, Leclerc BS, Louzada ML, Monteiro CA, Batal M, Moubarac JC. Consumption of ultra-processed foods and obesity in Canada. Can J Pub Health. 2019;11:4-14.